Ch. 6: India & Southeast Asia 1500 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.
1) According to the book, which of the following cannot be said to contribute to India’s diversity?
a.) It has many deities.
b.) It has many languages and ethnic groups.
c.) Is has a history of political division and class divisions.
d.) It has great regional dietary differences.
2) Northern India is bordered by the
a.) Deccan Plateau.
b.) Ganges Plain.
c.) Gobi Desert.
3) Three harvest each year have been possible in some parts of India because of
a.) the volcanic nature of the Indian soil.
b.) the conservative crops grown in India.
c.) high rainfall from the monsoons.
d.) traditionally advanced agriculture techniques.
4) The Vedic Age was a new historical period in India marked by
a.) the dominance of Indo-Europeans over India.
b.) the migration of merchant traders into India.
c.) the emergence of the Vedic Empire.
d.) a new weather pattern, the Vedic Storms.
5) The varna system developed in order to create
a.) a uniformed legal code in India.
b.) social order between groups.
c.) standardized religious beliefs.
d.) an integrated economic system to aid merchants.
6) The class and caste system in India were connected to
a.) purely economic concerns.
b.) the manipulations of the government.
c.) a widespread belief in reincarnation.
d.) intervention by external invaders.
7) The reincarnation of the atman into a given class depends on
a.) economic standing in society.
b.) karma or deeds in life.
c.) physical strengths.
d.) place within the caste system.
8) What is the underlying message of the cycle of reincarnation?
a.) Strive for economic success.
b.) Be the best and strongest human being you can be.
c.) You are where you deserve to be.
d.) Always work to change your life and the world around you.
9) Indian ritual sacrifices were intended to
a.) provide individual rewards.
b.) unleash nature’s forces.
c.) promote stability in the world.
d.) provide mobility within the caste system.
10) The Brahmins were important because they
a.) knew how to perform essential scarifies correctly.
b.) were the wealthiest of Indian society.
c.) were the most educated members of society.
d.) were the only members of society who could own property.
11) The collection of Indian poetic hymns dedicated to the various deities and describing sacred practices is
a.) the Ramayana.
b.) the Upanishads.
c.) the Dammapada.
d.) the Rig Veda.
12) Which of the following sabout women in the Vedic Age cannot be learned from the Vedic literature?
a.) They are depicted as slaves to men.
b.) They are depicted as strong and resourceful, reflecting a favorable position in society.
c.) They could own property.
d.) They were usually married in their mid to late teens.
13) Which of the following was not a way that individuals sought an alternative path to salvation?
a.) practicing yoga.
b.) practicing meditation.
c.) eating a special diet.
d.) becoming a Brahmin.
14) To be released from the cycle of reincarnation is the concept of
15) Jainism emphasizes the principles of
a.) years of religious study to prepare the mind for salvation.
b.) aggressive conversions of nonbelievers and fasting.
c.) nonviolence, nudity, and asceticism.
d.) the holy trinity, anointing with oils, and crucifixion.
16) Siddhartha Gautama articulated the “Four Noble Truths,” which taught that
a.) life is suffering, and suffering is caused by desire.
b.) life is mystical and ephemeral.
c.) The meaning of life can be understood by worshipping a plethora of gods and deities.
d.) Humanity is sinful by nature
17) Some followers of Buddhism took vows of
a.) Social service and humanism
b.) Marriage and parenthood
c.) Fealty, loyalty, and knighthood
d.) Celibacy, non-violence, and poverty
18) The ultimate spiritual reward in Buddhism is
a.) Material wealth
c.) Everlasting life in heaven
d.) Union with the ancestors
19) Buddhists who followed the original teachings of the Buddha are called
a.) Practitioners of Aryanism
b.) “embracers of the new concepts”
d.) Practitioners of Theravada
20) Which of the following is not an element of the Hindu religion?
a.) Fertility rituals
b.) The denial of the existence of a soul
c.) The Vedic religion of northern Indian Aryans
d.) Dravidians practices such as human sacrifice
21) Although Hindus worship different deities such as Vishnu and Shiva, they are really
a.) A metaphor for people in everyday life
b.) Incarnations of a single divine force in the universe
c.) Only decorative items found in homes
d.) The spirits ancestors
22) The habit of the Hindu pilgrimage is most important because it promotes
a.) Centrality of the Hindu religion
b.) Contact, exchanges of ideas, and a broad Hindu identity
c.) Access of the masses to religious knowledge
d.) Diversity of the Indian people
23) Which of the following has not been a factor in India’s habitual political fragmentation historically?
a.) The extremely varied Indian landscape
b.) The many different forms of economic activity
c.) India’s complex social hierarchy
d.) Competition between different claimants for political power
24) The Mauryan government united much of India after
a.) The death of Alexander the Great
b.) The assassination of Muarya
c.) The introduction of Buddhism
d.) The Ido-European invasion
25) In order to improve trade, the Mauryan Empire
a.) Never maintained a large national army
b.) Took direct control of all manufacturing
c.) Issued standard coinage throughout the empire
d.) Promoted contact with Europe
26) The Mauryan leader Ashoka converted to Buddhism and became a unique leader because of
a.) The visions and revelations that he had.
b.) His lifetime dedication to nonviolence, morality, and moderation
c.) Buddhist support for his government policies
d.) He was overwhelmed by the brutality of his early conquests
27) During the first centuries C.E., the two great epics of India take their final form; they are
a.) The Iliad and Odyssey
b.) The Vedas and Upanishads
c.) The Tripitaka and The Collected Works of Nagarjuna
d.) The Ramayana and the Mahabharata
28) The story of the great hero Arjuna, who is tutored by Krishna, is called
a.) The Kama Sutra
b.) The Bhagavad Gita
c.) The Ramayana
d.) The Upanishads
29) The chief source of revenue for the Gupta Empire was
a.) The sale and regulation of iron implements
b.) A 25 percent tax on agricultural produce
c.) A government agricultural monopoly
d.) A tax on all foreigners
30) The Gupta Empire maintained tight control in the core of the empire through
a.) The organization of regional governors
b.) A network of Buddhist monks and priests
c.) A powerful national army
d.) High taxes on the merchant class
31) Why is the Gupta Empire described as a “theater-state”?
a.) It used actors as administrative officials
b.) It hired foreign armies to enforce policies
c.) It shared the wealth of the empire with all equally
d.) The splendor and ceremonies of court advertised the benefits of empire
32) One of the most important contributions made by Gupta intellectuals was the
a.) Concept of zero
b.) Astronomical telescope
c.) Development of a written Indian language
d.) Invention of the maritime compass
33) The practice of cremating widows on their husband’s funeral pyre was called
34) An extensive trade network developed on land and sea was based on the Indian export of what products
a.) Silk, spices, and porcelain
b.) Cotton cloth, ivory, and metalwork
c.) Slaves, sugar, and lapis lazuli
d.) Cattle, blue dye, and sandlewood
35) The Gupta Empire collapsed in 550 C.E.
a.) When the emperor Gupta was charged with corruption.
b.) When the Mandate of Heaven signaled the end of the dynasty
c.) After invasions by the Huns of Central Asia
d.) When popular sovereignty became the will of the people
36) Southeast Asia first rose to prominence because
a.) It was safe from Mongol and Chinese invasions
b.) Of its high population density
c.) It was an intermediary in regional trade
d.) Of plentiful rainfall and tropical temperatures
37) Southeast Asia is described as a “geographically active zone,” meaning that
a.) It had open plains that are excellent for herding animals
b.) It had river valleys mixed with a warm dry climate perfect for agriculture
c.) It had dry rocky soil and heavy rainfall, which promotes microorganisms
d.) The islands are the tops of a chain of volcanoes
38) Which of the following are not among the plant and animal species that thrive in Southeast Asia?
a.) Rice and soybeans
b.) Coconuts, bananas, and sugar cane
c.) Chickens and pigs
d.) Wheat and water buffalo
39) Which of the following were not among the impressive navigational skills developed by the Malay people?
a.) Riding monsoon winds
b.) Navigation using clouds
c.) Navigating using wave patterns, clouds, and swells
d.) The astrolab
40) Southeast Asian state building was based on
a.) Commerce, especially the silk and spice trade, and Hindu/Buddhist culture
b.) Exploitation of the rainforest and strong extended family traditions
c.) Hereditary monarchies and the domestication and sale of cattle
d.) Invasions by northern nomads and exposure to Confucianism
41) What makes tracing Indian civilization back to the Indus Valley civilization of the 3rd and early 2nd millennia B.C.E. difficult?
a.) The writings from the period have not as yet been deciphered.
b.) Conquerors destroyed all written evidence
c.) The Indus Valley civilization left no written documents
d.) We know nothing about the Indus Valley civilization
42) Indo-European nomads tended to be
43) In the Vedic religion when an individual was reborn wheather the new body was an insect, an animal, or a human depended on:
44) Why did members fo the higher castes fear contact with the lower castes?
a.) They feared pollution from contact with the lower-caste individuals
b.) The lower castes were believed to be a bad influence on upper-caste children
c.) They did no want the lower castes to become Hindus
d.) The wanted to retain Arya and Dasa purity .
45) What was the purpose of the sacrifice of the Vedic Religion?
a.) It ensured that the universe would be recreated each new year
b.) It guaranteed success in warfare
c.) It invigorate the gods and promoted stability in the world
d.) It was done so that the priests could establish direct contact with the Gods.
46) Why did Brahmins resist widespread adoption of writing?
a.) They did not want to waste their time learning how to do it
b.) They felt that writing challenged the superiority of the gods because of its almost magical nature
c.) Their rivals the Kshatryia supported it.
d.) They might have lost their monopoly on religious rituals if the rites were written down.
47) Which of the following is NOT among the practices of Jainism
a.) Strict nonviolence, emphasizing the holiness of the life force
b.) Farming in order stay close to the land
c.) Extreme asceticism and nudity
d.) Eating so little so as to starve to death
48) Kalidasa was the greatest of all ancient Indian
b.) Religious figures
49) Bodhisattvas are men and women who have achieved enlightenment and
a.) Choose to be reborn in moral bodies
b.) Entered nirvana
c.) Entered stupas
d.) Achieved moksha
50) The first major Southeast Asian center, Funan, dominated what key location for trade?
a.) Hong Kong
b.) Bo Hai
c.) The Isthmus of Kra